Year : 2022  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-91

Yoga for children with autism spectrum disorder: A descriptive review

Division of Yoga and Humanities, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Balaram Pradhan
SVYASA (Deemed-to-be University, Division of Yoga and Humanities, Prashanthi Kutiram, Vivekananda Road, Kalluballu Post, Jigani, Anekal, Bengaluru-560105, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ym.ym_62_22

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) indicates a multifactorial neurodevelopmental disorder exhibiting distinct core characteristics of lifelong deficits in social communication and interaction along with restricted, repetitive behaviors. This developmental disorder impacts the achievement of developing milestones during childhood. Apart from the core features of autism, children with ASD display a range of behavioral disorders and physiological dysfunctions, creating a unique heterogeneity in their symptomatology. Conventional therapies are adopted to address such issues with specific treatments suited to the individual needs of children with ASD. As a therapeutic modality, yoga is also recognized as an alternative therapy that can help manage various symptoms of autism. A mind-body intervention yoga applies movement, breathing, and relaxation to nurture holistic well-being in children. This review describes the various studies on yoga as an effective intervention for children with ASD in managing the several aspects of autism. They were searched through Google Scholar and PubMed, and a total of 16 empirical studies were identified on yoga intervention on various behavioral and physiological aspects of autism in children. The current literature on the efficacy of yoga on children with ASD is limited. There is a need for further research for evidence-based studies to highlight yoga as a holistic modality in the management of ASD.

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