Year : 2015  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-36

Yoga in the works of Ādi Śaṅkāracārya

Department of Moral and Social Sciences, Tilak Maharashtra University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Niranjana H Bhate
A/502, Nisarg Kiran Society, Krishna nagari, Nakhate vasti, Rahatani, Pune, Maharashtra
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DOI: 10.4103/0044-0507.195457

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Context: Ādi Śaṅkāracārya was an exponent of Advaita Vedānta philosophy. It is well-known that he preached Jñāna Yoga or the path of knowledge for attainment of liberation. However, very few people are aware of the fact that Ādi Śaṅkāracārya has mentioned various methods or types of yoga for liberation depending on the dispositions of the aspirants. Study of his unpopular works reveal this fact. Aim: The aim of this paper is to present various types of yoga discussed in the works of Ādi Śaṅkāracārya. Method: A descriptive method of analyzing arguments is used because of the philosophico-literary nature of the study. Result: Ādi Śaṅkāracārya has stated various types of yoga such as Bhakti Yoga, Rāja Yoga, Haṭha Yoga, and Tantra Yoga as a means to Jñāna Yoga. Conclusion: Study of Ādi Śaṅkāracārya's work reveals that Bhakti Yoga, Rāja Yoga Haṭha Yoga, and Tantra Yoga are a means to knowledge or Jñāna Yoga for the attainment of emancipation.

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